How to Become a Scientist? Qualification, Skills, Career Opportunities

how to become scientist in India?

If science is the subject that has fascinated you since childhood then you can definitely think about becoming a scientist. It is a job profile that covers a vast field of science as a subject in detail. If you are curious about biology, you can become a botanist or cytologist or an ethologist, or any other specific biological scientist. Similarly, you can opt for various options to become a scientist in the field of physics or chemistry as per your interest.

Let’s talk more about who a scientist really is and what the work profile and responsibilities of a scientist are. A scientist is one who has participated in scientific activities to predict and describe the world around us, mainly focusing on acquiring knowledge. The work of a scientist includes all just before tracing the existence and origin of extinction. The role of a scientist can be identified in all possible fields of biological and non-biological, astronomical and non-celestial bodies, communication and non-communication activities. Therefore, if you plan to become a scientist, you can explore all the areas around you.

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Eligibility to become a Scientist

If you want to become a scientist, then you must have the answer to the question of how to become a scientist. The first step towards becoming a scientist is a science background at the level of 10 + 2. Remember that your degree must be from a recognized board or institute. Candidates should be Graduate, Master, and Ph.D. Degree for this job profile with an internship in the relevant field. Let’s look at the eligibility criteria required to become a scientist.

Subject Combination – Science Stream

Examination – Institutional and other subject related entrance examination


  • Candidates should remember that they should have a Bachelor’s degree from a reputed college or institute.
  • Graduates must be in any science stream that the candidate wishes to pursue the purpose of specialization.
  • Candidates can choose to combine upgrading science subjects with biology as the main subject.
  • A minimum of 60% total is required upon graduation.
  • Master in a specific stream from a recognized institution is compulsory with at least 65% marks in the final.
  • The final degree will be a doctoral degree or PhD. in the subject.

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Types of Job Roles Scientist

As discussed above, there are several specific areas that can help you become a scientist. Different types of scientists are based on classification and specification and have study and expertise. Read about these scientific job profiles in detail and know what kind of work they do and then choose the one that suits your interest.

Astronomer: Those who study stars, galaxies, and planets is said to be an astronomer. The focus area of ​​astronomers is to study the motion of the universe and the objects within it. These are experts who read about the motion of planets and track celestial and non-celestial objects of outer space.

Agronomist: Agronomy is the field of science which deals with the study of agriculture and its technological development. The person involved in advancing the process of research and development that promotes agricultural advancement is an agronomist. Commonly referred to as plant scientists, they are those who read about the type and genetic existence of a plant, agricultural land, and soil so that it can produce the best.

Cytologist or Cytologist: These scientists work to explain cell and cellular actions and variations. Site technology is a sub-stream of biology focused primarily on cells. Studies of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), cell structure, cell multiplication, cell functioning, and history of life and pathology of cells are addressed by a cytologist.

Ethologist: An ethologist specializes in studies about animal behavior. Their main focus is to understand the behavior of animals in natural conditions and in man-made conditions. They also examine favorable traits of animals in an unnatural or evolutionary state.

Botanist: Botanist or Botanist is called Botanist. They study flowers and non-flowering plants present in the environment. The structure, growth, development, and use of plants are studied in detail by botanists. There are some classified fields of botany that structure and divide the work of a botanist. These involve – Plant Taxonomy, Ecology, and Chemical Biology. A botanist can choose one of these areas and work according to the requirement of the subject.

Epidemiologists: Diseases in the human body are spread by epidemiologists. Epidemiology is a branch of science that aims to extract the origin of the source of disease and work on it to treat an outbreak or an underdeveloped disease. They prompt a person to first study a person’s behavior and habits and a suitable medicine for spreading disease.

Microbiologists: Study of mildew, algae, and bacteria by microbiologists. The role of microbiologists is to deal with the growth, structure, and growth of microbes and plants. Their role also includes the study of pathogenic organisms and organisms responsible for environmental damage. The study of organisms that are of agricultural and industrial interest comes under the study of a microbiologist.

Geologists: They are those who study the three states of affairs. Solid, liquid, and gaseous substances that make up the Earth and other terrestrial planets. A geologist studies Earth processes, Earth history, and Earth materials in detail. These activities are led by experts ranging from earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, and landslides to the ecological sustainability of plant and soil materials.

Meteorologists: These scientists are those who study climate and weather. It may be possible to examine the weather conditions and the changes recorded by meteorologists. They can indulge in weather forecasting or stick to weather research. These scientists predict climate change that can happen to people and help evacuate people from the surrounding area.

Marine Biologist: A marine biologist is one who studies marine organisms consisting of animals and plants. Studies reveal the communications and management of these organisms with the environment. Marine biologists do close research on aquatic plants and animals as they have mastered biological oceanography and geological oceanography. These two streams enhance research work and help to portray a clear picture of research conducted by marine biologists.

Paleontologists: These scientists are researchers of specimens. They study the history of life on Earth based on fossils collected. These remains are studied for the purpose of calculating the existence of fossils found. Paleontologists also excavate the remains of extinction and preserve them to understand primitive environments in a more explicit way. These scientists work in close contact with archaeologists to find more related findings.

Seismologists: Seismologists study details about earthquakes. The cause and related effects of earthquakes have been studied by these scientists up and down the earth. Their research reveals the expected disaster that can be caused by tectonic movements and can also detect areas that are prone to such activities.

Employment Opportunities for Scientists

With a keen interest in science and research, candidates can opt for a career like a scientist. Those who aspire to become scientists should know the various employment opportunities available as scientists. To help candidates, we have prepared a list of industries that are readily available to employment opportunities for scientists. The list includes the following:

  • Indian Ministry – Mining, Ore, Archeology, Geology, etc.
  • Food and beverage industry
  • Research Center / Institute
  • Aeronautical association
  • Mining industry
  • Medical center / institute
  • Manufacturing and warehouse units
  • Animal Care Center
  • wildlife Sanctuary
  • Healthcare Center / Institute

Top Recruiting Companies for Scientists

To become a scientist, it is important that candidates obtain relevant degrees and certificates with approved journals. Keeping these qualified documents in mind, companies will appoint these budding, talented and enthusiastic scientists to a good pay scale and desirable post. There are many top recruitment companies for scientists who can opt for candidates. Let’s take a look at the top organizations hiring these companies or scientists.

  • Indian Air Force
  • Ministry of Mines
  • National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA)
  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
  • Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)
  • Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER)
  • International Flavors & Fragrances India Limited
  • National Center for Cytology (NCCS)
  • Institute of Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (InStem)
  • Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA)
  • Aero control
  • ASRC Aerospace Corporation

Pros of Becoming a Scientist

By becoming a scientist, you are about to make a history from your research material.
You are involved in many exciting experiments and research works that will keep you interested in the whole work.
A good package with its iconic status remains intact.
Many times, you will be involved in saving the lives of many people around you which will give a sense of pride and respect for working hard.
You will always learn a new thing with each and every research or analysis that you start. This will help you to answer your inquisitiveness.
You will have a large role in advancing technology and discoveries.

Cons of Becoming a Scientist

Many responsibilities can lead you to make small mistakes that can endanger the lives of those around you.
Mistakes require extra attention and precision, with no space left.
Long working hours can reduce the amount of family interaction.
Scientists often stick to a project for the rest of their lives with scope for growth and professional development.
Sometimes your experiments can be very expensive to handle, as science is a costly and costly business to deal with.

The Bottom Line

There are a lot of government jobs in India. Hope is that the above articles on how to become a scientist in India will help you a lot. It would be good to know which types of scientists you want to become. Mention below in the comment box.